8 MARCH WOMEN'S DAY

International Women's Day is celebrated in many countries around the world.

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8 MARCH WOMEN'S DAY

Introduction

International Women's Day is celebrated

in many countries around the world.

It is a day when women are recognized for their achievements without regard to divisions, whether national, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic or political. It is an occasion for looking back on past struggles and accomplishments, and more importantly, for looking ahead to the untapped potential and opportunities that await future generations of women.

In 1975, during International Women's Year, the United Nations began celebrating International Women's Day on 8 March. Two years later, in December 1977, the General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace to be observed on any day of the year by Member States, in accordance with their historical and national traditions. In adopting its resolution, the General Assembly recognized the role of women in peace efforts and development and urged an end to discrimination and an increase of support for women's full and equal participation.

International Women's Day first emerged from the activities of labour movements at the turn of the twentieth century in North America and across Europe.

Chronology

1909   

The first National Woman's Day was observed in the United States on 28 February. The Socialist Party of America designated this day in honour of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.

1910   

The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women's Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women's rights and to build support for achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the first three women elected to the Finnish Parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance.

1911   

As a result of the Copenhagen initiative, International Women's Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded women's rights to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.

1913-1914   

International Women's Day also became a mechanism for protesting World War I. As part of the peace movement, Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with other activists.

1917   

Against the backdrop of the war, women in Russia again chose to protest and strike for "Bread and Peace" on the last Sunday in February (which fell on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar). Four days later, the Czar abdicated and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote.

Since those early years, International Women's Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries alike. The growing international women's movement, which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women's conferences, has helped make the commemoration a rallying point to build support for women's rights and participation in the political and economic arenas. Increasingly, International Women's Day is a time to reflect on progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of their countries and communities.

The UN and Gender Equality

The Charter of the United Nations, signed in 1945, was the first international agreement to affirm the principle of equality between women and men. Since then, the UN has helped create a historic legacy of internationally-agreed strategies, standards, programmes and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.

Over the years, the UN and its technical agencies have promoted the participation of women as equal partners with men in achieving sustainable development, peace, security, and full respect for human rights. The empowerment of women continues to be a central feature of the UN's efforts to address social, economic and political challenges across the globe.

 

Ökkeş Bölükbaşı, İstanbul – Mart.2013

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FEMALE IRANİAN COMMUNİSTS ORGANİZE TOPLESS PROTEST 

Female Iranian communists organize topless protest against hijabs in Swedish capital

The Iranian female activists have followed the footsteps of the scandalous Ukrainian FEMEN movement, flashing their breasts in protest against the hijab headscarf, women wear in the Islamic world.

The action performed by members of the Iranian Communist Party and the Organization Against Violence on Women in Iran took place in the center of the Swedish capital, Stockholm on Sunday, and was dedicated to International Women’s Day, which is celebrated on March 8.

The women painted their bodies with slogans such as “My nudity is my protest” and “No to hijab” and displayed pictures from anti-Islamic demonstrations by FEMEN.

The topless photos from Stockholm first appeared on FEMEN’s official website, with members of the “sextremist” movement expressing their confidence that “in the historical battle ‘woman v. Islam’ women will win.!”

The Ukrainian topless protesters have recently teamed up with Egyptian activist, Alia Al Mahdi, to attract public attention to “the threat of Islamization of the Egyptian constitution and the introduction of [Mohamed] Morsi's Shariah Law”, with the action being staged in front of the Egyptian embassy in the Swedish capital.

The FEMEN activists have become famous for organizing topless protests at major international public events in different countries against sex tourism, religious institutions, international marriage agencies, sexism and other social and international issues. 

The movement quickly spread across the Ukrainian border as the group recently opened their new headquarter in Paris, promising offices in New York, Montreal and Sao Paulo as well.

Ökkeş Bölükbaşı, İstanbul Mart.2013

http://www.medyagunebakis.com/  okkesb61@gmail.com,

TDFAJANSToplum Dinamikleri Fikir Ajansı

Sosyal, Kültürel, Ticari, Eğitim ve Sanatsal Alanlarda;

Düşünce Üretimi. Paylaşımı. Toplum Yararına kullanımı.!

Bilgi Sahibi Olunmadan Fikir Sahibi Olunamaz.! Olunsa olunsa;

Ancak Başkalarının Fikirlerini Tekrarlayan Papağan Olunur.

Ökkeş Bölükbaşı, İstanbul Mart.2013

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